Treatment of hepatorenal syndrome as defined by the international ascites club by albumin and furosemide infusion according to the central venous pressure: a prospective pilot study.

Peron JM< Bureau C, Gonzalez L, Garcia-Ricard F, de Soyres O, Dupuis E, Alric L,Pourat J, Vinel JP
Am J Gastroenterol. 2005 Dec;100(12):2702-7

Service d'Hepato-Gastro-Enterologie, Federation Digestive, Hopital Purpan, Toulouse, France.

OBJECTIVE: Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a functional renal failure that occurs late during cirrhosis. The prognosis is extremely poor with a mean survival of 1.7 wks from the time of diagnosis. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of albumin and furosemide administration tailored to central venous pressure (CVP) on renal function and clinical outcome.

METHODS: We treated 20 consecutive patients with HRS. Albumin was given to increase and/or maintain CVP above 3 cm H(2)O. If diuresis remained below 50 mL/h despite effective volume expansion, furosemide was administrated. Patients were considered responders and treatment was discontinued when creatinine clearance rose above 40 mL/min or serum creatinine fell under 132 mumol/L. RESULTS: The need for albumin varied from patient to patient (extremes 40-600 g) and in the same patient from day to day. All but one needed furosemide. Eleven patients (55%) responded to treatment. In this population, diuresis, serum creatinine, and creatinine clearance were all significantly improved. Creatinine clearance at baseline was predictive of treatment efficacy. Survival increased in these patients compared to nonresponders defined as patients with no improvement in renal function (259 days +/- 113 compared to 14 days +/- 3, p < 0.0005). Response to treatment and the type of HRS were the only variables with an independent prognostic value. CONCLUSION: This study shows that HRS as defined by the International Ascites Club can be treated by albumin administration alone or with furosemide given according to the patient's specific need using CVP.