Dermatology

Efficacy of low dose intravenous immunoglobulins in children with toxic epidermal necrolysis: An open uncontrolled study.

Indian J Dermatol.Venereol. Leprol. 2005 Nov-Dec;71(6):398-400
Mangla K, Rastogi S, Goyal P, Solanki RB, Rawal RC

Department of Dermatology, V. S. Hospital, Ahmedabad, India. ranjanmb@yahoo.com.

BACKGROUND: High dose intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) have emerged as a promising new therapy for treating the rare but potentially fatal drug reaction toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). Experimental in vitro studies support the view that IVIG can block the fas-fas ligand mediated apoptosis in TEN.

METHODS: Ten pediatric patients of TEN were treated with IVIG (0.05 - 0.1 gm/kg/day) along with antibiotics and supportive care. RESULTS: Patients with 67% of mean body surface area of involvement showed an average of 2.1 days for arrest of progression of lesions and 8.1 days for complete reepithelization. There was no mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Low dose IVIG appears to be a safe and effective treatment for TEN in children. Randomized trials are needed to further evaluate the efficacy of IVIG and compare it with other therapeutic modalities.

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