Neurology

Circulating tumour necrosis factor alpha & soluble TNF receptors in patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome.

 

Indian J Med Res. 2003 May;117:216-20.  

Radhakrishnan VV, Sumi MG, Reuben S, Mathai A, Nair MD.

Department of Pathology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, India.

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is regarded as one of the immune factors that can induce demyelination of peripheral nerves in patients with Guillian-Barre syndrome (GBS). This present study was undertaken to find out the role of TNF-alpha and soluble TNF receptors in the pathogenesis of GBS; and to study the effect of intravenous immunoglobulin (ivIg) therapy on the serum TNF-alpha and soluble TNF receptors in patients with GBS. METHODS: Thirty six patients with GBS in progressive stages of motor weakness were included in this study. The serum TNF-alpha and soluble TNF receptors (TNF-RI, TNF-RII) were measured in the serum samples of these patients before and after ivIg therapy by a sandwich ELISA. RESULTS: Of the 36 patients with GBS, 26 (72.2%) showed elevated serum TNF-alpha levels prior to ivIg therapy. Following a complete course of ivIg therapy there was a progressive decrease in the serum TNF-alpha concentrations in these 26 patients. On the other hand, the soluble TNF receptors, particularly TNF-RII showed an increase in the serum of GBS patients following ivIg therapy. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION: The results indicate that ivIg reduces the serum TNF-alpha concentrations in the GBS patients having elevated levels prior to ivIg therapy. Elevated serum levels of soluble TNF receptors following ivIg therapy may play a protective role by inhibiting the demyelinating effect of TNF-alpha in the peripheral nerves of patients with GBS.

PMID: 14609050 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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