High-dose intravenous immunoglobulin for the treatment of MuSK antibody-positive seronegative myasthenia gravis.

J Neurol Sci. 2006 Jul 27

Takahashi H, Kawaguchi N, Nemoto Y, Hattori T.

Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Japan.

We treated two patients with anti-muscle specific tyrosine kinase (MuSK)-antibody positive seronegative myasthenia gravis (MG) with high-dose intravenous gammaglobulin (IVIg) and evaluated their clinical courses. Both patients were Japanese women, MuSK-positive seronegative MG, and were unresponsive to conventional treatments, including thymectomy, steroids, and tacrolimus.

The patients required frequent hospitalization for plasmapheresis. In case 1, a 45-year-old woman, it was difficult to obtain blood access for plasmapheresis. High-dose IVIg, 400 mg/kg per day for 5 days, was administered in cases 1 and 2. In both cases, clinical improvement was observed 3 days after the start of IVIg therapy and lasted for 2 to 3 months. We propose that IVIg therapy is an effective treatment for MuSK-positive seronegative MG, when conventional treatments have failed.

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