Neurology

Treatment of myasthenia gravis exacerbation with intravenous immunoglobulin: a randomized double-blind clinical trial.

Arch. Neurol. 2005 Nov;62(11):1689-93

Gajdos P, et. al.

Medical Intensive Care Unit, Raymond Poincare Teaching Hospital, Assistance publique-Hopitaux de Paris, Garches, France. mp.gajdos@9online.fr

BACKGROUND: The optimal dose of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) in acute exacerbation of myasthenia gravis remains unknown. Increasing the treatment duration might provide added efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal dose of IVIG for treating myasthenia gravis exacerbation. DESIGN: Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled multicenter trial designed to demonstrate superiority of the 2 g/kg dose over the 1 g/kg dose of IVIG, conducted between November 13, 1996, and October 26, 2002. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred seventy-three patients aged 15 to 85 years with acute exacerbation of myasthenia gravis. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomly assigned to receive 1 g/kg of IVIG on day 1 and placebo on day 2 (group 1) vs 1 g/kg of IVIG on 2 consecutive days (group 2). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Improvement in the myasthenic muscular score after 2 weeks. RESULTS: The mean improvements in the myasthenic muscular scores after 2 weeks were 15.49 points (95% confidence interval, 12.09-18.90 points) in group 1 and 19.33 points (95% confidence interval, 15.82-22.85 points) in group 2. However, the difference between the 2 groups was not significant (effect size, 3.84 [95% confidence interval, -1.03 to 8.71]; P = .12). CONCLUSION: This trial found no significant superiority of 2 g/kg over 1 g/kg of IVIG in the treatment of myasthenia gravis exacerbation.

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