Neurology

Adult-onset Still's Disease with Pulmonary and Cardiac Involvement and Response to Intravenous Immunoglobulin.

[Article in Portuguese] Acta Reumatol Port. 2009 Oct-Dec;34(4):628-32.

Neto NS, Waldrich L, Carvalho JF, Pereira RM.

Médico Residente, Serviço de Reumatologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (HC-FMUSP).

Cardiopulmonary manifestations of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) include pericarditis, pleural effusion, transient pulmonary infiltrates, pulmonary interstitial disease and myocarditis. Serositis are common but pneumonitis and myocarditis are not and bring elevated risk of mortality. They may manifest on disease onset or flares. Previously reported cases were treated with high-dose glucocorticoids and immunosupressants and, when refractory, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). We report an AOSD patient whose flare presented with severe pleupneumonitis and myopericarditis and, following nonresponse to a methylprednisolone pulse, high dose of prednisone and cyclosporine A, recovered after a 2-day 1g/kg/day IVIG infusion.

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