Epidemiologic study of Kawasaki disease at a single hospital in Daejeon, Korea (1987 through 2000).

Lee KY, Han JW, Lee HS, Hong JH, Hahn SH, Lee JS, Whang KT.
Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2004 Jan;23(1):52-5.

Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

PURPOSE: We evaluated the epidemiology and a range of clinical characteristics in children with Kawasaki disease (KD) in one area of South Korea. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 506 medical records of children with KD, who were admitted at Daejeon St. Mary's Hospital from January 1987 through December 2000. RESULTS: The mean annual frequency was 36.1 +/- 11.1 cases per year. There were 55 cases (10.9%) in 1993, 50 cases (9.9%) in 1994 and 47 cases (9.3%) in 2000. There was a slightly higher occurrence in summer with no significant difference in seasonal frequency. Age distribution ranged from 2 months to 13 years of age (mean, 2.4 +/- 1.7 years) and 485 children (95.8%) were <5 years of age. The male-to-female ratio was 1.7:1. Of the total cases 0.6% was recurrent, whereas 0.4% occurred between siblings. There were no fatalities. For treatment aspirin alone (65 cases, 12.8%), divided dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) (400 to 500 mg/day for 4 to 5 days, 231 cases, 45.7%) and one dose IVIG (2.0 g/kg, 210 cases, 41.5%) were used. Between 1996 and 2000, 143 cases were treated with only one dose IVIG, and 21 cases (14.7%) showed coronary artery lesions (CAL). Among the 143 cases 22 cases (15.4%) were retreated with IVIG and/or steroid pulse therapy. The incidence of CAL in this group was 50.0%. CONCLUSION: In Daejeon, Korea, KD showed slight annual variations without seasonal differences. The rate of CAL in acute stage with one dose IVIG therapy (2 g/kg) was 8.3% in the IVIG responders.

PMID: 14743047 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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